00036 Risk for suffocation

00036 Risk for suffocation

Definition of the NANDA label

State in which the individual is in clear danger of accidental suffocation (insufficient availability of air to inhale).

Susceptible to inadequate air availability for inhalation, which may compromise health.

Risk factors

External (environmental)

• Children’s accessibility to plastic bags and small objects that can be put in the nose or mouth.
• Stay of children next to / in bathtubs, ponds or swimming pools without supervision.
• Pillows in the crib for infants.
• Pacifiers around the neck of infants.
• Domestic gas leaks, use of gasoline heaters and braziers without proper exterior ventilation.
• Starting the engine of a vehicle in the closed garage.
• Smoking in bed.
• Broken or unused refrigerators or freezers, with the doors closed.
• Ingestion of large pieces of food.
• Bottle with water in the infant’s crib.
• Clothesline with low taut ropes.

Internal (individual)

• Illness or injury.
• Lack of education about security measures.
• Failure to adopt precautions and security measures.
• Decreased motor capacity.
• Decreased sense of smell.
• Emotional and cognitive disorders.

Associated condition

• Alteration in cognitive functioning
• Alteration in olfactory function
• Face/neck disease
• Face/neck injury
• Impaired motor functioning


• Suction control.
• Ventilation.


• Respiratory monitoring.
• Precautions to avoid aspiration.
• Airway management.
• Monitoring of vital signs.