00035 Risk for injury

00035 Risk for injury

Definition of the NANDA label

Risk of injury as a consequence of the interaction of environmental conditions with the adaptive and defensive resources of the person.

Susceptible to physical damage due to environmental conditions interacting with the individual’s adaptive and defensive resources, which may compromise health.

Risk factors

External (environmental)


• Community health and immunization level.
• Exposure to microorganisms.


• Exposure to environmental pollutants.
• Exposure to toxins or poisons.
• Drugs and tobacco (nicotine).
• Pharmacological agents.
• Cosmetics.
• Food products (preservatives and colorants, nutrients, caffeine and alcohol).


• Structure and layout of the community, architectural barriers and style of buildings, materials.
• Means of transporting people and goods.
• Relationship between the population and providers (hospital caregivers, vigilant personnel).

Internal (individual)


• Dysfunction of regulatory mechanisms, due to sensory, integration or effector deficits.
• Malnutrition.
• Tissue hypoxia.
• Immunity disorders.
• Blood disorders:
– Leukocytosis or leukopenia.
– Coagulation disorders.
– Thrombocytopenia, decrease in hemoglobin, anemia).


• Skin continuity solution.
• Mobility disorders.

Age of development

• Physiological disorders.
• Psychological disorders (affective, orientation).
• Psychosocial disorders.

At risk population

• Extremes of age – Impaired primary defense mechanisms

Associated condition

• Abnormal blood profile
• Alteration in cognitive functioning
• Alteration in psychomotor functioning
• Alteration in sensation
• Autoimmune dysfunction
• Biochemical dysfunction
• Effector dysfunction
• Immune dysfunction
• Sensory integration dysfunction
• Tissue hypoxia


• Risk control.


• Environmental management: safety.
• Contact.
• Surveillance: security.
• Health education.
• Physical restraint.
• Identification of risks.

This diagnosis will retire from the NANDA-I Taxonomy in the 2021-2023 edition unless additional work is completed to bring it up to a level of evidence 2.1 or higher.