Definition of the NANDA label
Increased risk of exposure to environmental pollutants in doses sufficient to cause adverse health effects.
Susceptible to exposure to environmental contaminants, which may compromise health.
• Poor knowledge about managing diabetes.
• Chemical contamination of food.
• Chemical contamination of water.
• Exposure to bioterrorism.
• Exposure to disasters (natural or man-made).
• Exposure to radiation (work in radiology, employment in nuclear industries and power plants, living near nuclear industries and power plants).
• Peeling, peeling paint in the presence of young children.
• Peeling, chipping of plaster in the presence of young children.
• Coating of surfaces (carpeted surfaces contain more polluting residues than bare surfaces).
• Geographical area (living in an area where there is a high level of pollutants).
• Domestic hygiene practices.
• Inadequate municipal services (eg, garbage collection, wastewater treatment centers).
• Inappropriate use of protective clothing.
• Lack of decomposition of pollutants once they are inside (decomposition is inhibited if there is no exposure to the sun and rain).
• Lack of protective clothing.
• Lacquer in poorly ventilated areas.
• Lacquer without effective protection.
• Living in poverty (increases the potential for multiple exposures, lack of access to health care, and inadequate diet).
• Paint, lacquer etc., in poorly ventilated areas.
• Paint, lacquer, etc., without effective protection.
• Personal hygiene practices.
• Playing outside in areas where environmental pollutants are used.
• Presence of atmospheric pollution.
• Home use of environmental contaminants (eg, pesticides, chemicals, tobacco smoke).
• Unprotected contact with chemicals (eg arsenic).
• Unprotected contact with heavy metals (eg, lead, chromium).
• Age (children under 5 years old, the elderly).
• Concomitant exposures.
• Characteristics of development in children.
• Female gender.
• Gestational age during exposure.
• Nutritional factors (eg obesity, vitamin and mineral deficiencies).
• Pre-existing disease states.
• Previous exhibitions.
At risk population
• Children < 5 years
• Economically disadvantaged
• Exposure to areas with high contaminant level – Exposure to atmospheric pollutants
• Exposure to bioterrorism
• Exposure to disaster
• Exposure to radiation
• Female gender
• Gestational age during exposure
• Older adults
• Previous exposure to contaminant
• Pre-existing disease
• Risk control.
• Exposure control.
• Healthy behavior.
• Healthy environment.
• Nutrition management.
• Neurological monitoring.
• Monitoring of vital signs.
• Promotion of self-care.
• Promotion of self-responsibility.
• Environmental management: safety.
• Promotion of healthy behaviors.