00142 Rape-trauma syndrome

00142 Rape-trauma syndrome

Definition of the NANDA label

Maladaptive and persistent response to forced, violent sexual penetration, against the will of the victim and that has a negative impact on their lifestyle.

Sustained maladaptive response to a forced, violent, sexual penetration against the victim’s will and consent.

Defining characteristics

• Disruption of the victim’s life.
• Change in relationships.
• Trauma (bruising).
• Suicide attempts.
• Denial behaviors.
• Feelings of guilt.
• Anxiety and depression.
• Agitation and paranoia.
• Humiliation.
• Aggression.
• Muscle spasms or tension.
• Humor changes.
• Dependency.
• Impotence.
• Sexual dysfunction.
• Sleep pattern disorders.
• Mental evocation of the rape.
• Feelings of revenge.
• Phobias.
• Inability to make decisions.
• Dissociative disorders.
• States of maximum alert.
• Substance abuse.
• Vulnerability.
• Cholera.
• Fear.
• Shock.

Related factors

• Rape

At risk population

• Rape


• Self-control of anxiety.
• Recovery from abuse: emotional.
• Recovery from abuse: sexual.
• Overcoming problems.
• Control of depression.
• Self esteem.


• Advice.
• Increased coping.
• Treatment of the trauma of rape.
• Intervention in case of crisis.
• Boost self-esteem.
• Active listening.
• Facilitate communication.

This diagnosis will retire from the NANDA-I Taxonomy in the 2021-2023 edition unless additional work is completed to bring it up to a level of evidence 2.1 or higher.