00041 Latex allergy reaction

00041 Latex allergy reaction

Definition of the NANDA label

Allergic response to natural latex rubber products.

A hypersensitive reaction to natural latex rubber products.

Defining characteristics

Type I reactions

• Immediate reactions (<1 hour) to latex proteins (can be life threatening).
• Contact urticaria that progresses to generalization.
• Edema of the lips, tongue, uvula or throat.
• Shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing, bronchospasm leading to respiratory arrest.
• Hypotension, syncope, heart failure.
• Orofacial characteristics:
– Edema of the sclera or eyelids.
– Erythema or itchy eyes.
– Tearing.
– Nasal congestion, itching or erythema.
– Rhinorrhea.
– Facial erythema.

Related factors

• Lack of response of immune mechanisms.
• Facial itching.
• Oral itching.
• Gastrointestinal characteristics:
– Abdominal pain.
– Nausea.
• Generalized characteristics:
– Suffocation.
– General discomfort.
– Generalized edema.
– Increased complaints of heat throughout the body.
– Agitation.

Type IV reactions

• Start delay (hours).
• Eczema.
• Irritation.
• Reaction to additives (eg thioureas, carbamates). causing discomfort.
• Redness.

Irritative reactions

• Erythema.
• Cracked skin.
• Flictenas.

At risk population

• Frequent exposure to latex product
• History of allergy
• History of asthma
• History of food allergy
• History of latex reaction
• History of poinsettia plant allergy
• History of surgery during infancy

Associated condition

• Hypersensitivity to natural latex rubber protein
• Multiple surgical procedures


• Control of immune hypersensitivity.
• Tissue integrity: skin and mucous membranes.


• Allergy management.
• Precautions with latex.

This diagnosis will retire from the NANDA-I Taxonomy in the 2021-2023 edition if no related factors are developed.