00099 Ineffective health maintenance

00099 Ineffective health maintenance

Definition of the NANDA label

State in which the individual has an inability to promote or preserve health, or to request help for that purpose.

Inability to identify, manage, and/or seek out help to maintain well-being.

Defining characteristics

• Information or observation of inability to take responsibility for facing basic sanitary practices in some or all areas of the functional patterns.
• Reference of interest in improving behaviors aimed at preserving or promoting health.
• Obvious lack of knowledge of basic sanitary practices.
• Lack of adaptation behaviors to changes in the internal or external environment.
• History of lack of health-generating behaviors.
• Information or observation of lack of equipment, money and other resources.
• Referrals or observation of deterioration of personal support systems.

Related factors

• Inability to make deliberate and thorough judgments.
• Development objectives not achieved.
• Significant communication problems (verbal, written, gestural).
• Perception or cognitive disorders (total or partial lack of motor skills).
• Ineffective individual adaptation.
• Ineffective family adaptation.
• Disabling spiritual suffering.
• Lack of financial and material resources.

At risk population

• Developmental delay

Associated condition

• Alteration in cognitive functioning – Decrease in fine motor skills
• Decrease in gross motor skills
• Perceptual disorders


• Self-management of care.
• Health-seeking behavior.
• Health-promoting behavior.
• Therapeutic behavior: illness or injury.
• Knowledge: health behaviors
• Knowledge: promoting health.
• Knowledge: health resources.
• Knowledge: therapeutic regimen.
• Beliefs about health: perceived resources.
• Risk detection.
• Participation in decisions about health care.
• Social support.


• Facilitate self-responsibility.
• Support in decision making.
• Help in modifying oneself.
• Health education.
• Education: disease process.
• Individual education.
• Health system guides.
• Teaching: procedure.
• Teaching: treatment.
• Increase support systems.
• Analysis of the health situation.
• Identification of risks.
• Promotion of family involvement.
• Support group.

This diagnosis will retire from the NANDA-I Taxonomy in the 2021-2023 edition unless additional work is completed to bring it up to a level of evidence 2.1 or higher.