00136 Grieving

00136 Grieving

Definition of the NANDA label

Responses and intellectual and emotional behaviors through which individuals, families and communities try to overcome the process of modifying their self-concept caused by the perception of potential loss.

A normal, complex process that includes emotional, physical, spiritual, social, and intellectual responses and behaviors by which individuals, families, and communities incorporate an actual, anticipated, or perceived loss into their daily lives.

Defining characteristics

• Potential loss of a significant object (eg, people, possessions, job, position, home, ideals, body parts and processes).
• Expression of suffering in the face of potential loss.
• Denial of potential loss.
• Denial of the meaning of the loss.
• Guilt.
• Cholera.
• Sadness.
• Pact.
• Alteration in eating habits, sleep, dream patterns, activity level, libido.
• Alteration of communication patterns.
• Difficulty assuming new or different roles.
• Resolution of the grief before the loss occurs.

At risk population

• Anticipatory loss of significant object
• Anticipatory loss of significant other
• Death of significant other
• Loss of significant object


• Grief resolution
• Psychosocial adaptation: life change
• Family environment: internal.
• Overcoming family problems.


• Environmental management.
• Family support.
• Advice.
• Support in decision making.
• Facilitate grief.
• Emotional Support.
• Spiritual support.
• Cares in agony.
• Increased coping.
• Advance guide.
• Stimulation of family integrity.