00126 Deficient knowledge

00126 Deficient knowledge

Definition of the NANDA label

State in which the individual and their environment lack the knowledge or specific cognitive information necessary for the maintenance or recovery of health.

Absence of cognitive information related to a specific topic, or its acquisition.

Defining characteristics

• Verbal references to the health problem.
• Verbal references that report health-related misconceptions.
• Inappropriate use of health vocabulary.
• Inability to explain the treatment being followed or describe the personal health status.
• Frequent request for information.
• Inadequate following of instructions:
– Inadequate performance of tests.
– Inadequate administration of medication.
– Breach of therapeutic guidelines.
• Inappropriate or exaggerated behaviors (hysterical, hostile, apathetic, agitated, depressive).

Related factors

• Lack of adequate exposure.
• Lack of warnings.
• Misinterpretation of information.
• Cognitive limitation.
• Lack of interest in learning.
• Lack of familiarity with informational resources.
• Sensory deficiencies.
• Communication barriers.
• Abuse of toxic substances.
• Self-destructive behaviors.
• Advanced age.
• Request not to be informed.

Associated condition

• Alteration in cognitive functioning
• Alteration in memory


• Knowledge.


• Teaching the disease process.
• Teaching the procedure or treatment.
• Health system guides.
• Teaching: individual.
• Teaching: prescribed medications.
• Teaching: prescribed diet.
• Teaching: prescribed activity.
• Advice.