00147 Death anxiety

00147 Death anxiety

Definition of the NANDA label

Apprehension, worry or fear related to one’s own death or agony.

Vague, uneasy feeling of discomfort or dread generated by perceptions of a real or imagined threat to one’s existence.

Defining characteristics

• Concern about the impact that one’s own death may have on those close to them.
• Feeling of helplessness in the face of issues related to agony.
• Fear of physical or mental incapacity during agony.
• Anticipation of pain related to agony.
• Deep sadness.
• Fear of the dying process.
• Concern about overburdening caregivers as terminal illness leads to progressive disability.
• Concerns about the encounter with the creator or feelings of doubt about the existence of a God or superior being.
• Fear of a total loss of control over any aspect of one’s own death.
• Negative image of death or unpleasant thoughts about any event related to death or dying.
• Fear of delayed death.
• Fear of having a premature death that prevents the achievement of important life goals.
• Preoccupation with causing grief and suffering to others.
• Fear of leaving the family alone after death.
• Fear of developing a terminal illness.
– Denial of one’s own mortality or of the imminence of death.

At risk population

• Discussions on the topic of death
• Experiencing dying process
• Near-death experience
• Observations related to dying process

Associated condition

• Terminal illness


• A dignified death.
• Acceptance: state of health.
• Control of anxiety.
• Control of fear.
• Hope.
• Level of depression.


• Environmental management: comfort.
• Cares in agony.
• Spiritual support.
• Emotional Support.
• Increased coping.
• Decreased anxiety.
• Care of the agony.
• Give hope.
• Facilitate grief.
• Active listening.